Monitor Competitor Prices on eBay with Python and BeautifulSoup

One of the most significant applications of Web Scraping in retail and e-commerce is in monitoring competitor price movements. This, when done well, can mean extra revenue and also will allow the retailer to ensure that they are always in the game and are not taken by surprise by anything the competition is doing.

Here is a simple script that does that. We will use BeautifulSoup to help us extract information, and we will track the prices on eBay.

To start with, this is the boilerplate code we need to get a page on Amazon and set up BeautifulSoup to help us use CSS selectors to query the page for meaningful data.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests
headers = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_2) AppleWebKit/601.3.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/9.0.2 Safari/601.3.9'}
url = 'https://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_nkw=iphone &_sacat=0&LH_TitleDesc=0&Model=Apple%20iPhone%208&_sop=12&LH_PrefLoc=0&rt=nc&Storage%20Capacity=64%20GB&_dcat=9355'
response=requests.get(url,headers=headers)
soup=BeautifulSoup(response.content,'lxml')

We are also passing the user agent headers to simulate a browser call, so we dont get blocked.

Now let’s analyze the eBay site for players in the iPhone market, specifically the iPhone 8 with 64 GB storage. This is how it looks.

And when we inspect the page, we find that each of the items HTML is encapsulated in a

Tag with the class s-item

We could just use this to break the HTML document into these cards, which contain individual item information like this.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*- from bs4 import BeautifulSoup import requests headers = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_2) AppleWebKit/601.3.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/9.0.2 Safari/601.3.9'} url = 'https://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_nkw=iphone &_sacat=0&LH_TitleDesc=0&Model=Apple%20iPhone%208&_sop=12&LH_PrefLoc=0&rt=nc&Storage%20Capacity=64%20GB&_dcat=9355' response=requests.get(url,headers=headers) soup=BeautifulSoup(response.content,'lxml') #print(soup.select('.a-carousel-card')[0].get_text()) for item in soup.select('.s-item'): try: print('----------------------------------------') print(item.select('.s-item__title')[0].get_text().strip()) print(item.select('.s-item__subtitle')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.clipped')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews-count span')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__price')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__logisticsCost')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__location')[0].get_text()) print('----------------------------------------') except Exception as e: #raise e print('')

And when you run it.

python3 PriceTracker.py

You can tell that the code is isolating the cards HTML on further inspection, you can see that the Title of the product always has the s-item__title class and the price has the s-item__price class. Let’s also get the number of reviews and ratings while we are at it.

print(item.select('.s-item__title')[0].get_text().strip()) print(item.select('.s-item__subtitle')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.clipped')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews-count span')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__price')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__logisticsCost')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__location')[0].get_text())

We have also tried to get the location and the shipping costs, all crucial pieces of information.

The whole code looks like this.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*- from bs4 import BeautifulSoup import requests headers = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_2) AppleWebKit/601.3.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/9.0.2 Safari/601.3.9'} url = 'https://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_nkw=iphone &_sacat=0&LH_TitleDesc=0&Model=Apple%20iPhone%208&_sop=12&LH_PrefLoc=0&rt=nc&Storage%20Capacity=64%20GB&_dcat=9355' response=requests.get(url,headers=headers) soup=BeautifulSoup(response.content,'lxml') #print(soup.select('.a-carousel-card')[0].get_text()) for item in soup.select('.s-item'): try: print('----------------------------------------') print(item.select('.s-item__title')[0].get_text().strip()) print(item.select('.s-item__subtitle')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.clipped')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__reviews-count span')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__price')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__logisticsCost')[0].get_text()) print(item.select('.s-item__location')[0].get_text()) print('----------------------------------------') except Exception as e: #raise e print('')

And when run.

Produces all the info we need.

In more advanced implementations, you will need to even rotate the User-Agent string, so eBay cant tell it the same browser!

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The blog was originally posted at : https://www.proxiesapi.com/blog/monitor-competitor-prices-on-ebay-with-python-and-.html.php